2017 International Conference on Manufacturing Technologies
January 19-21, 2017 | San Diego, USA
Prof. Ramesh K. Agarwal
Washington University in St. Louis, USA
Professor Ramesh K. Agarwal is the William Palm Professor of Engineering in the department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science at Washington University in St. Louis. From 1994 to 2001, he was the Sam Bloomfield Distinguished Professor and Executive Director of the National Institute for Aviation Research at Wichita State University in Kansas. From 1978 to 1994, he was the Program Director and McDonnell Douglas Fellow at McDonnell Douglas Research Laboratories in St. Louis. Dr. Agarwal received Ph.D in Aeronautical Sciences from Stanford University in 1975, M.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Minnesota in 1969 and B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India in 1968. Over a period of forty years, Professor Agarwal has worked in various areas of Computational Science and Engineering - Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Computational Materials Science and Manufacturing, Computational Electromagnetics (CEM), Neuro-Computing, Control Theory and Systems, and Multidisciplinary Design and Optimization. He is the author and coauthor of over 500 journal and refereed conference publications. He has given many plenary, keynote and invited lectures at various national and international conferences worldwide in over fifty countries. Professor Agarwal continues to serve on many academic, government, and industrial advisory committees. Dr. Agarwal is a Fellow eighteen societies including the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), American Physical Society (APS), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Royal Aeronautical Society, Chinese Society of Aeronautics and Astronautics (CSAA), Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME) and American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE). He has received many prestigious honors and national/international awards from various professional societies and organizations for his research contributions.
Title of Speech: Polymer- and Ceramic Matrix Composites with Nano-fillers for Aerospace Applications
Abstract: In recent years, there has been increased emphasis on ‘Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA)’ with the dual aims of reducing the energy consumption as well as emissions. Several new concepts for the next generation of aircraft have been proposed to reduce drag, improve engine efficiency, and reduce mass. In addition to various aerodynamic and propulsion technologies that are being researched to achieve the goals of ERA, reduction of aircraft mass has become one of the major drivers in developing new aircraft design concepts, novel materials and manufacturing processes. Composite materials have increasingly been used in recent conventional wing/tube type aircraft e.g. in B787 and A350-1000 aircraft. This paper first reviews the current status of two widely used textile composite materials, namely the Polymer Matrix Composites (PMC) and the Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC) for airframe and aero-engine applications and the remaining challenges especially in manufacturing. Among the novel class of materials being researched, nanocomposites with multi-functionality offer additional promise of weight reduction, reduced complexity, and integrated health management of aircraft components/systems. Future new aircraft structures, both conventional wing/tube and hybrid wing body (HWB), using multi-functional nanocomposites could be built employing additive manufacturing. The recent work in improving the mechanical properties of PMC and CMC by inclusion of clay nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes and the potential of additive manufacturing for such nanocomposites with nanoscale fillers will also be presented.
Prof. Ridha Ben Mrad
University of Toronto, Canada
Ridha Ben-Mrad, P.Eng., FCSME, Chief Research Officer and Associate Academic Director of Mitacs (www.mitacs.ca). He is Director of the Mechatronics and Microsystems Group and a Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto (www.mie.utoronto.ca). He is also a Co-founder and CTO of Sheba Microsystems Inc. (www.shebamicrosystems.com). He joined the University of Toronto in 1997, having previously held positions at the National Research Council of Canada in Vancouver, BC, and the Ford Research Laboratory in Dearborn, Michigan. R. Ben-Mrad received a PHD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor in 1994. He also received a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from Penn State, a Master’s degree in Mechanical Engineering and a Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering both from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. R. Ben-Mrad’s research interests are micro-actuators and sensors, MEMS, microfabrication, and development of smart materials based devices. His research led to a number of patents and inventions including 12US, Canadian, European and Chinese patents and more than 160 refereed research publications. He supervised the work of more than 16 PHD students, 38 Master’s students, 14 researchers, 3 Post-Doctoral Fellows, and 64 senior undergraduate students. He received the Faculty Early Career Teaching Award in 2002 and the Connaught Innovation Award in 2013 and in 2014. R. Ben-Mrad currently chairs the IEEE IES Committee on MEMS and Nanotechnology (2015-2016), is Associate Editor of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Tech News (2013-current) and the Journal of Mechatronics (2015-current), serves on the Steering Committee of the IEEE Journal on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (2010-current) and is a member of the IEEE IES Publication Committee (2013-current). He was the founding Director of the Institute for Robotics and Mechatronics at the University of Toronto (2009-2011) and was Associate Chair of Research of his department (2009-2012).
Title of Speech: High Performance Micro Actuators and Sensors with Applications
Abstract: Out-of-plane micro actuators can be used in many applications such as adaptive optics, spatial light modulation, positioning micro lenses for auto focusing/zooming, micromanipulators, vector display and many others. These applications require the manipulation of masses with milligram size and generation of out-of-plane displacement ranging from few to hundreds of micrometers. This is difficult to achieve at the microscale. The talk will be presenting novel micro electrostatic actuators platforms that provide out-of-plane motion leading to a stroke that is orders of magnitude higher than standard micro electrostatic actuators and generating large forces. Different implementations of these micro-actuators are shown and their use for developing a number of applications including 3D micromirrors for vector display and automotive head up display, and autofocus and optical Image stabilization in phone cameras. The same microelectrostatic platform is shown to provide for very high sensitivity and very large range sensing capability and is shown through implementations as micro accelerometers and micro force sensors for high performance applications.
Prof. Chun-Hung Chen Fellow of IEEE
George Mason University, USA
Chun-Hung Chen received his Ph.D. degree from Harvard University in 1994. He is currently a Professor at George Mason University. He is an IEEE Fellow. Dr. Chen was an Assistant Professor at the University of Pennsylvania before joining GMU. He was also affiliated with National Taiwan University (Electrical Eng. and Industrial Eng.) from 2008-14. Sponsored by NSF, NIH, DOE, NASA, MDA, Air Force, and FAA in US, he has worked on the development of very efficient methodology for stochastic simulation optimization and its applications to air transportation system, semiconductor manufacturing, healthcare, security network, power grids, and missile defense system. Dr. Chen received a “National Thousand Talents Award” (国家千人) in 2011, the Best Automation Paper Award from the 2003 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 1994 Eliahu I. Jury Award from Harvard University, and the 1992 MasPar Parallel Computer Challenge Award. He has served as a Department Editor for IIE Transactions, Department Editor for Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research, Associate Editor for IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, Associate Editor for IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Area Editor for Journal of Simulation Modeling Practice and Theory, Advisory Editor for International Journal of Simulation and Process Modeling, and Advisory Editor for Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering. Dr. Chen is the author of two books, including a best seller: “Stochastic Simulation Optimization: An Optimal Computing Budget Allocation”.
Title of Speech: Smart Brain with Fast Decision for Industry 4.0 and Industrial Internet
Abstract: Industry 4.0 (Industrial Internet or Internet of Things) facilitates the vision and execution of intelligent automation, where sensors, machines, workpieces, and IT systems are connected along the value chain beyond a single enterprise. Industry 4.0 makes it possible to gather and analyze data across machines, enabling faster, more flexible, and more efficient processes to reduce costs, produce higher-quality goods, and enhance customer service. This in turn will increase manufacturing productivity, shift economics, foster industrial growth, and modify the profile of the workforce—ultimately changing the competitiveness of companies and regions. However, there are still some big challenges when implementing an Industry 4.0 application. While the integration gives us unprecedented flexibility for efficiency improvement, one big challenge is that the complexity of decision problem in such integration grows exponentially. To make the matter worse, real-time data from different sources arrive continuously. Although the integration of sensors, machines, workpieces, and IT systems is important, it is also critical to have a new generation of intelligent methodologies to come up with good (if not optimal) decisions in an efficient manner, in order to fully utilize the benefits of this integration. That said, a smart brain is no less important than a strong body. We will discuss possible directions for development and some of our promising approaches, including ordinal transformation and optimal computing budget allocation.
Prof. Prabhakar R. Bandaru
University of California, San Diego, USA
Prof. Bandaru is a Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of California San Diego (UCSD). He is also an affiliate professor with the ECE department at UCSD. Prof. Bandaru serves as the Director of the University-wide Materials Science & Engineering He received the Ph.D. degrees from the University of California, Berkeley. Prof. Bandaru was one of the top 50 scientists recognized worldwide, in 2006, for achievements in nanoelectronics by Scientific American, the Career Award from the National Science Foundation in 2007. He was a visiting fellow at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India. He currently serves on the IEEE SusTech Program Committee, and the Materials Research Society (MRS) Program Committee. Prof. Bandaru has worked extensively in energy storage systems, including electrochemical capacitors (ECs) and battery systems. He pioneered the harness of charged defects for controlled capacitive storage and the use of thin layer electrochemistry for reducing diffusional limitations in ECs. Prof. Bandaru also pioneered novel one-dimensional (e.g., nanotube and nanowire) and two-dimensional (e.g., graphene) nanostructures for new modalities in electronics, and proposed a nanostructure based non-volatile memory. Prof. Bandaru also has extensive experience in designing and implementation of thermal management solutions for microelectronics related applications. He is also expert in the design of fluidic systems, nanofabrication schemes beyond electron-beam lithography, and plasmon based imaging and photocathode design.
Title of Speech: Thermal metamaterials Harnessing thermal energy through geometric structure
Abstract: A significant contributor to energy wastage is the inevitable generation as well as the uneven dissipation of heat. Practical methods to adeptly channel heat flux would have many applications enabling improved energy utilization and thermal energy management. The aim of this talk would be to review the use of relatively large-scale thermal metamaterials for thermal energy harness. A larger scientific objective is to describe thermal energy transfer (involving conduction, convection, as well as radiation) on a unified basis, which may be provided through a metamaterials type description.
Thermal metamaterials will be described through a study of the underlying phenomena related to heat flux manipulation, exploiting the anisotropy of the thermal conductivity tensor. The notion of the assembled metamaterial as an effective thermal medium forms the basis for many of the investigations. An overarching aim is to implement in such thermal metamaterials, functionalities well known from light optics, such as thermal refraction, which in turn may yield novel applications, such as thermal lensing. Consequently, the harness - through the controlled manipulation of the directionality of the heat flux and efficient dissipation of heat – through a metamaterial based perfect diffuser which are for example, of much importance in energy conservation and improving electrical device performance, may be accomplished.